Res Dev Med Educ. 2018;7(1):21-25.
doi: 10.15171/rdme.2018.005
  Abstract View: 466
  PDF Download: 513

Original Research

Developing and Preliminary Evaluation of a General Academic Course on Traffic Health and Safety

Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani 1, Mohammad-Hossein Somi 1, Mina Golestani 1, Mousa Amiri 2, Saeideh Ghaffarifar 3, Saeid Aslanabadi 1, Ali Taghizadieh 1, Shahryar Behzad-Basirat 2, Naser Mikaili 1, Seyed Abdolreza Mortazavi-Tabatabaei 4, Saeede Sheikhi 1 * , Hamid Soori 4 ORCiD, Davoud Khorasani_Zavareh 4 ORCiD, Soheil Saadat 5, Mashyaneh Haddadi 5, Mohammad Asghari-Jafarabadi 6, Hamid Allahverdipour 6, Javad Babaeie 7, Seyed Kazem Shakouri 8, Ali Meshkini 8, Fatemeh Bakhtari 6, Zakieh Piri 7, Leila Jahangiry 6, Parvin Sarbakhsh 6, Kavous Shahsavari Nia 8, Gholam Hossein Safari 6 ORCiD, Mostafa Farahbakhsh 1 ORCiD, Amir Mohammad Navali 8, Abdolhassan Kazemi 6, Saleh Heidarian 1, Forouzan Rezapour-Shahkolahi 9, Reza Hekmatshoar 10, majid Fallahi 10, Hasan Ghodsi 11, Maryam Mazaheri 12 ORCiD, Behzad Jafarinia 12, Khalil Pourebrahim 1, Sajjad Alihemmati 1, Ali Ahmadian 3, Ahad Safayi 1, Farhad Torbati 6, Malek Ghorban Niyati 7, Mirbahador Yazdani 1, Nooshin Hushian 1 ORCiD, Fahimeh Bakhtyari 1 ORCiD

1 Road Traffic Injury Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2 Police Rahvar NAJA, Tehran, Iran
3 Medical Education Research Center, Health Management and Safety Promotion Research Institute, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
4 Safety Promotion and Injury Prevention Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
5 Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
6 Faculty of Health, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
7 Faculty of Management and Medical Informatics, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
8 Faculty of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
9 Faculty of Public Health and Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
10 Faculty of Occupational Health Engineering, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran
11 Department of Nursing and Midwifery, Neyshabur University of Medical Sciences, Neyshabur, Iran
12 Dezful University of Medical Sciences, Dezful, Iran
13 Education Development Center ,Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran


Background: A Based on the World Health Organization’s reporting, over 1.25 million people die annually in traffic accidents worldwide. Traffic accidents are the ninth main cause of death worldwide, with an average age range of victims of 15 to 29. Broadly speaking, 90% of traffic accidents happen in the low and middle-income countries that comprise 82% of the global population, and these countries account for half of the world’s vehicles. One of the goals of the National Road Traffic Knowledge Development Trustee is to plan and implement training courses (content design, design and implementation and evaluation) for target groups. To achieve this goal and due to the lack of academic programs on traffic safety in Iran, a single-credit course, "Safety and Traffic," was developed to be run as a compulsory academic course in all universities across the country.

Methods: This course was administered as a national pilot study in four phases and in 17 medical universities across the country. All experts and national authorities in the Ministry of Science and the Ministry of Health and Medical Education were requested to provide feedback. Afterwards, the results and comments were forwarded to the Supreme Council of Cultural Revolution for further investigation.Upon approval of the Council, the course will be implemented in all universities across the country.

Results: Results from the pre-test showed that the level of students’ knowledge was low before attending the training courses. Surveys also revealed that the two items of "pedestrian safety" and "first aids in RTCs" were the most useful and applicable subjects. The percentage of wrong answers ranged from 61to 98%.

Conclusion: Considering the importance of traffic accidents and people’s role in traffic-related issues, itseems that it is necessary to provide university courses for traffic safety education

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Submitted: 16 Jan 2018
Revised: 06 May 2018
Accepted: 06 May 2018
First published online: 30 Jun 2018
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