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Res Dev Med Educ. 2016;5(1): 12-18.
doi: 10.12171/rdme.2016.005
  Abstract View: 1239
  PDF Download: 2189

Original Research

Application of Native Speaker Models for Identifying Deviations in Rhetorical Moves in Non-Native Speaker Manuscripts

Assef Khalili 1*, Farahman Farrokhi 2, Majid Aslanabadi 1

1 Department of Basic Sciences, Faculty of Paramedicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2 Department of English Language Teaching, Tabriz University, Tabriz, Iran

Abstract

Introduction: Explicit teaching of generic conventions of a text genre, usually extracted from native-speaker (NS) manuscripts, has long been emphasized in the teaching of Academic Writing inEnglish for Specific Purposes (henceforthESP) classes, both in theory and practice. While consciousness-raising about rhetorical structure can be instrumental to non-native speakers(NNS), it has to be admitted that most works done in the field of ESP have tended to focus almost exclusively on native-speaker (NS) productions, giving scant attention to non-native speaker (NNS) manuscripts. That is, having outlined established norms for good writing on the basis of NS productions, few have been inclined to provide a descriptive account of NNS attempts at trying to produce a research article (RA) in English. That is what we have tried to do in the present research.

Methods: We randomly selected 20 RAs in dentistry and used two well-established models for results and discussion sections to try to describe the move structure of these articles and show the points of divergence from the established norms.

Results: The results pointed to significant divergences that could seriously compromise the quality of an RA.

Conclusion: It is believed that the insights gained on the deviations in NNS manuscripts could prove very useful in designing syllabi for ESP classes.

Keywords: Genre, Generic conventions, Consciousness-raising, Rhetorical move, Academic writign
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Abstract View: 1239

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Submitted: 31 Dec 2015
Revision: 06 Jun 2016
Accepted: 07 Jun 2016
ePublished: 30 Jun 2016
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