Res Dev Med Educ. 2021;10(1): 1.
doi: 10.34172/rdme.2021.001
  Abstract View: 201
  PDF Download: 193

Original Research

Comparing the current status with desired situation of the quality ofeducation and improvement for rural health workers in Iran

Beheshteh Shamsaee 1 ORCID logo, Mehdi Bagheri 1* ORCID logo, Nader Gholi Ghourchian 2 ORCID logo, Parivash Jafari 3 ORCID logo

1 Department of Human Sciences, Bandar Abbas Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bandar Abbas, Iran
2 Curriculum and Supervision, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
3 Department of Management and Economy, Islamic Azad University Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran


Background: Rural health workers (Behvarz) are considered health- care pioneers standing at
the forefront of providing services for rural areas. Those health providers need to be optimally
educated throughout the country. What can serve this purpose is an integrated high quality
Methods: The current descriptive research compared two situations of education quality.
To this end 300, rural health workers completed researcher-made questionnaires, including
2 dimensions,7 components and, 80 questions obtained from the analysis of the qualitative
process through the fuzzy Delphi method.
Results: The results indicated a gap between the current status and desirable situations
of qualitative improvement components of rural health workers’ education. The findings
also showed that the highest standardized coefficient in the area of education was related
to the variable of learning and transfer of education with a coefficient of 0.971. In the area
of optimization, the highest standard coefficient for the desirable situation belonged to the
interpersonal and functional relationship variable, with the value of 0.978, while the lowest
standardized coefficient was related to the variable of information and communication
technology (ICT) development as 0.956.
Conclusion: In brief, optimal education for the health- care providers is considered an integral
part of the health system; therefore, the impact of education on the general health of the people
should be taken into consideration. Therefore, there is a need for theoretical and practical
exploration of qualitative education towards health system improvement and promotion.
Keywords: Quality of Education, Improvement, Rural Health Workers
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Submitted: 01 Nov 2020
Revision: 03 Jan 2021
Accepted: 11 Jan 2021
ePublished: 15 Feb 2021
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