Res Dev Med Educ. 2021;10(1): 4.
doi: 10.34172/rdme.2021.004
  Abstract View: 172
  PDF Download: 195

Original Research

Ego-Resiliency and physically-disabled learners: The Implementation of a Multiple Intelligences Teaching Approach

Nayyereh Ghaznavi 1 ORCID logo, Mehry Haddad Narafshan 1* ORCID logo, Massoud Tajadini 1 ORCID logo

1 Department of Foreign Languages, Kerman Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kerman, Iran


Background: Gardner’s multiple intelligences (MI) theory offers great opportunities to
improve the diverse abilities potential in disabled learners. The current study investigated
the effect of the MI teaching approach on physically disabled learners’ MI and ego
Methods: The purposive sample included male and female participants aged 14 to 30
years at the Arseye-Talash Institute in Urmia, West Azerbaijan for students with disabilities.
To gain a complete picture of the phenomenon, the study used self-report questionnaires
and semi-structured interviews. The study utilized an experimental design that included
30 participants overall, with 10 participants in a control group and 20 participants in two
experimental groups according to the multiple intelligences-based instructions (MIBI) they
received: first language (Persian)-oriented MIBIs & second language (English)-oriented
MIBIs. For both experimental groups (n = 20), active and passive intelligences of the
students were identified using a MI test. Then, the instruction was tailored to designing
tasks to activate the passive intelligence for both groups. The control group (n = 10)
received no training. The data were analyzed in SPSS software using ANOVA and Tukey’s
post hoc HSD test.
Results: Findings indicated that the use of the MI-based teaching approach contributed
to a significant improvement in the learners’ MI (P <0.01) and ego resiliency (P <0.01).
Furthermore, findings showed a positive impact of L2-oriented (English) MIBIs compared
with L1-oriented (Persian) MIBI on physically disabled learners’ ego resiliency (P <0.01);
however, no significant difference was found between the two languages’ MIBIs (P >0.01).
Conclusion: The more diverse a learner’s experience, the more effective their learning will
be, and accordingly, the more successful they will be in a world of challenges. This holds
especially true for physically disabled learners who have diverse experiences and hence
diverse learning needs.
Keywords: Multiple intelligences, Physically disabled learners, Ego-resiliency
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Submitted: 12 Dec 2020
Revision: 18 Jan 2021
Accepted: 31 Jan 2021
ePublished: 10 Apr 2021
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