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Res Dev Med Educ. 2021;10(1): 16.
doi: 10.34172/rdme.2021.016
  Abstract View: 284
  PDF Download: 214

Original Research

Academic burnout among undergraduate nursing students: Predicting the role of sleep quality and healthy lifestyle

Habibolah Naderi 1 ORCID logo, Hamidreza Dehghan 2* ORCID logo, Shahrbanoo Dehrouyeh 3 ORCID logo, Elaheh Tajik 4

1 Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, The University of Mazandaran,Babolsar, Iran
2 Department of Educational Psychology, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, The University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran
3 Department of Educational Psychology, Adib Institute of Higher Education, Mazandaran, Iran
4 Department of Clinical Psychology majoring in Family Therapy, The University of Science and Culture, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Background: Academic burnout is a serious threat that can affect any student’s academic life, especially nursing students. Sleep quality and a healthy lifestyle are variables are related to academic burnout. This study aimed to predict undergraduate nursing students’ academic burnout based on sleep quality and lifestyle. Methods: The study was descriptive and correlational in design. The statistical population included all undergraduate nursing students of the Razi School of Nursing and Midwifery at the Kerman University of Medical Sciences (Kerman, Iran; 2016-2017 academic year). Of 270 students,143 students were selected using a random cluster sampling method. The Academic Burnout Questionnaire, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), and the LifeStyle Inventory were used to collect data. A linear regression analysis using the enter method was employed for data analysis.

Results: There was a significantly positive correlation between students’ academic burnout and total PSQI score (P=0.000, r=0.547) and some of its sub-scales, including subjective sleep quality (P=0.000, r=0.607), sleep latency (P=0.019, r=0.196), sleep duration (P=0.014, r=0.206), sleep disturbance (P=0.000, r=0.346), and daytime dysfunction due to sleepiness (P=0.000, r=0.654). Conversely, the relationship between students’ academic burnout and healthy lifestyle was negatively significant (P=0.000, r=-0.507). Thus, the potential for undergraduate nursing students’ academic burnout can be predicted by sleep quality and lifestyle (P=0.000, F=23.480).

Conclusions: By improving sleep quality and living a healthier lifestyle, students may be less likely to experience academic burnout.

Keywords: Burnout, Nursing Students, Sleep Quality, Lifestyle
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Submitted: 29 Jan 2020
Revision: 22 Jun 2021
Accepted: 10 Jul 2021
ePublished: 28 Jul 2021
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