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Res Dev Med Educ. 2021;10(1): 9.
doi: 10.34172/rdme.2021.009
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  PDF Download: 10

Original Research

Effects of Near-Peer CPR Workshop on Medical Students’ Knowledge and Satisfaction

Hakimeh Sabeghi 1,2 ORCID logo, Marziyeh Mogharab 3 ORCID logo, Zahra Farajzadehz 2 ORCID logo, Ebrahim Aria Moghaddam 4,5* ORCID logo

1 Department of Medical Education, Virtual School of Medical Education and Management, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran
3 Department of Emergency Medicine, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran
4 Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
5 Emergency Medical System, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

Abstract

Background: The acquisition of competencies in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) among medical students requires specific and up-to-date training. In this study, a near-peer workshop group was used to assess the effects of cardiopulmonary resuscitation training on students’ satisfaction, acquisition, and retention of CPR knowledge.

Methods: This quasi-experimental study using repeated measure analysis design was conducted with 120 medical students at the Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Iran. The educational content was presented in six workshop sessions under the supervision of a near-peer group. A questionnaire was used to assess demographics, knowledge, and satisfaction. Data analysis was conducted using SPSS 14.

Results: The mean knowledge scores of participants 6.8±2.7, 16.1± 2.6, and 13.5±4.0 before, immediately, and two months after the workshop, respectively. These results showed that the mean knowledge score significantly increased immediately after the training. Although the mean scores fell slightly by two months after the intervention, they remained significantly higher than before the workshop. The satisfaction level of all the students of this method was reported as good.

Conclusion: In accordance with the positive effects of collaborative learning methods in the teaching-learning process, we used a novel and efficient collaborative method to improve the quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training. CPR training with a near-peer group had a positive impact on student knowledge acquisition, knowledge retention, and learning satisfaction. Therefore, this method may be a useful way to conduct such training workshops.

Keywords: Peer Group, Near-Peer, Workshop, CPR, Learning
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Submitted: 26 Nov 2020
Revision: 21 Apr 2021
Accepted: 21 Apr 2021
ePublished: 07 Jun 2021
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