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Res Dev Med Educ. 2021;10(1): 14.
doi: 10.34172/rdme.2021.014
  Abstract View: 213
  PDF Download: 174

Original Research

Factors affecting academic failure in medical students in Iran

Zohreh Tajabadi 1 ORCID logo, Matineh Sadat Miri 2 ORCID logo, Soliman Ahmadi 3 ORCID logo, Matineh Pourrahimi 4 ORCID logo, Mojtaba Abdi 5 ORCID logo, Hadi Jalilvand 6 ORCID logo, Mohammad Helichi 7* ORCID logo, Nadia Pirzade Moghaddam 8 ORCID logo, Nafise Alinejade 8 ORCID logo, Alireza Hazbenejad 9

1 Student Research Committee, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran
2 Medical student, Student Research Committee, School of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical sciences, Mazandaran, Iran
3 Associate Professor, Department of Medical Education, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4 Bsc of Medical Laboratory, Student Research Committee, Faculty of Allied Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
5 Bsc of Nursing, Student Research Committee, Faculty of Nursing, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
6 Msc of Epidemiology, Department of Epidemiology, Student Research Committee, Faculty of Health, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
7 Student Research Committee, Abadan Faculty of Medical Sciences, Minushahr Road, Airport Blvd, Abadan, Iran
8 Student Research Committee, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran
9 Student Research committee, Abadan Faculty of Medical Sciences, Minushahar Road, Airport Blvd, Abadan, Iran

Abstract

Background: Students are considered part of the capital of each country. Several factors can affect their educational status and, as a result, contribute to their academic failure. The current study seeks to investigate the relationship between students’ academic failure and the affecting factors with the Iranian Educational Ranking of Universities.

Methods: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study. The required sample size was calculated using Cochran’s formula. A researcher-made questionnaire with 5 parts was used to collect data. Kruskal Wallis and Spearman’s analysis of variance was used for analysis. The significance level was considered as 0.05.

Results: A total of 1215 people participated; 13.7% of students had had an academic failure and 2.0% of them were on academic probation. There was a correlation between university RAD rank and academic failure (r = -0.098 and P = 0.0001) as well as student satisfaction (r = 0.264 – P = 0.0001). There was a significant difference between an academic drop and academic grade in three ranks of university (Pv= 0.0001), and, interestingly, having moved from Rank 1 to 3, having academic grade increases, and having academic failure decreases.

Conclusion: According to the findings of this study, the higher ranked the college campus is on the RAD scale, the higher the academic failure rate. For annual assessment of universities, it is proposed that assessment of academic failure and grades be used as a benchmark.

Keywords: Students, Academic failure, University ranking, Academic achievement, Ranking, Education
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Submitted: 15 Jan 2021
Revision: 16 Jun 2021
Accepted: 23 Jun 2021
ePublished: 27 Jul 2021
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